5 Storage Essentials



No-wax floors:
To wash no-wax floors, add � cup of white distilled vinegar to a half-gallon of warm water.

Carpet stain removal: �
A mixture of 1 teaspoon of liquid detergent and 1 teaspoon of white distilled vinegar in a pint of lukewarm water will remove non-oily stains from carpets. Apply it to the stain with a soft brush or towel and rub gently. Rinse with a towel moistened with clean water and blot dry. Repeat this procedure until the stain is gone. Then dry quickly, using a fan or hair dryer. This should be done as soon as the stain is discovered.

Windows & Walls

Streakless windows:
Simply wash with a mixture of equal parts of white distilled vinegar and warm water. Dry with a soft cloth. This solution will make your windows gleam and will not leave the usual film or streaks on the glass.

Washing woodwork:�
You can ease the job of washing painted walls, woodwork and Venetian blinds by using a mixture of 1 cup ammonia, � cup white distilled or cider vinegar and � cup baking soda with 1 gallon of warm water. Wipe this solution over walls or blinds with a sponge or cloth and rinse with clear water. Dirt and grime comes off easily and the solution will not dull the painted finish or leave streaks.

Water or alcohol marks on wood:�
Stubborn rings resulting from wet glasses being placed on wood furniture may be removed by rubbing with a mixture of equal parts of white distilled vinegar and olive oil. Rub with the grain and polish for the best results.


Garbage disposal cleaner: �
Garbage disposals may be kept clean and odor free with vinegar cubes. Vinegar cubes are made by filling an ice tray with a mixture of 1 cup of vinegar and enough water to fill the ice tray and then freezing it. Run the mixture through the disposal, and then flush it with cold water for a minute or so.

Coffee maker cleaner (automatic):�
White distilled vinegar can help to dissolve mineral deposits that collect in automatic drip coffee makers from hard water. Fill the reservoir with white distilled vinegar and run it through a brewing cycle. Rinse thoroughly with water when the cycle is finished. (Be sure to check the owner’s manual for specific instructions.)

Clean the microwave: �
Boil a solution of 1/4 cup of white distilled vinegar and 1 cup of water in the microwave. Will loosen splattered on food and deodorize.

Deodorize the kitchen drain:
Pour a cup of white distilled vinegar down the drain once a week. Let stand 30 minutes and then flush with cold water.

Clean the refrigerator: �
Wash with a solution of equal parts water and white distilled vinegar.

Clean and disinfect wood cutting boards:
Wipe with full strength white distilled vinegar.

Brass polish: �
Brass, copper and pewter will shine if cleaned with the following mixture. Dissolve 1 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of white distilled vinegar and stir in flour until it becomes a paste. Apply paste to the metals and let it stand for about 15 minutes. Rinse with clean warm water and polish until dry.

Ant deterrent: �
Ant invasions can sometimes be deterred by washing counter tops, cabinets and floors with white distilled vinegar.

Getting Rid of Fruit Flies/Gnats in Your Kitchen
Place a bowl filled with � quart water, 2 Tbsp. sugar, 2 Tbsp. apple cider vinegar and a couple of drops of dish soap to attract the fruit flies. Always eliminate the source of attraction, i.e., ripened produce.

Cleaning Stainless Steel Appliances�
Apply vinegar with a soft cloth to remove streaks from stainless steel appliances. Try in an inconspicuous place first.

Cleaner Dishes and Glasses�
Pour 1 � cup to 2 cups white distilled vinegar in the bottom of dishwasher, along with regular dishwasher soap. Wash full cycle.

Remove Refrigerator Smells�
Place 1 cup apple cider vinegar in a glass and set in refrigerator. Within 2 days, any smell is gone!


Bathtub film:�
Bathtub film can be removed by wiping with white distilled vinegar and then with soda. Rinse clean with water.

Shower doors:
Rub down shower doors with a sponge soaked in white distilled vinegar to remove soap residue.

Toilet bowl cleaner:�
Stubborn stains can be removed from the toilet by spraying them with white distilled vinegar and brushing vigorously. The bowl may be deodorized by adding 3 cups of white distilled vinegar. Allow it to remain for a half hour, then flush.

Unclog the showerhead:�
Corrosion may be removed from showerheads or faucets by soaking them in white distilled vinegar overnight. This may be easily accomplished by saturating a terry cloth towel in vinegar and wrapping it around the showerhead or faucet.


Kill grass:�
To kill grass on sidewalks and driveways, pour full strength white distilled vinegar on it.

Kill weeds: �
Spray white distilled vinegar full strength on tops of weeds. Reapply on any new growth until plants have starved.

Increase soil acidity: �
In hard water areas, add a cup of vinegar to a gallon of tap water for watering acid loving plants like rhododendrons, gardenias or azaleas. The vinegar will release iron in the soil for the plants to use.

Neutralize garden lime: �
Rinse your hands liberally with white distilled vinegar after working with garden lime to avoid rough and flaking skin. Clean pots before repotting, rinse with vinegar to remove excess lime.

Keep Flowers Longer�
Keep flowers fresh longer. Add 2 tablespoons sugar and 2 tablespoons white vinegar in a 1-quart vase of water. Trim stems and change water every five days.

Plant Nutrients
Mix vinegar and water in a ratio of 1:8. Mix a separate solution of sugar and water in a mixture of 1:8. Combine the vinegar and sugar mixtures. Add to plant as long as needed.


Pest fighter:�
A teaspoon of white distilled vinegar for each quart bowl of drinking water helps keep your pet free of fleas and ticks. The ratio of one teaspoon to one quart is for a forty-pound animal.

Pet accident: �
Test the color fastness of the carpet with white distilled vinegar in an inconspicuous place. Then sprinkle distilled vinegar over the fresh pet accident. Wait a few minutes and sponge from the center outward. Blot up with a dry cloth. This procedure may need to be repeated for stubborn stains.

Get Rid of Odor on a Smelly Dog
Wet the dog down with fresh water. Use a mixture of 1 cup white distilled vinegar and 2 gallons water. Saturate the dog’s coat with this solution. Dry the dog off without rinsing the solution. The smell will be gone!


Bumper stickers:�
Remove bumper stickers by repeatedly wiping the sticker with white distilled vinegar until it is soaked. In a few minutes, it should peel off easily. Test on a small invisible area of the car to ensure there will be no damage to the paint.

Paintbrush softener: �
Soak the paintbrush in hot white distilled vinegar, and then wash out with warm, sudsy water.

Cleaning the Radiator Vent�
Turn down the thermostat. Unscrew the air vent, soak it in vinegar to clean it, then turn the thermostat all the way up. After a few minutes, you’ll hear a hissing sound followed by a little bit of water spurting out. Finally, steam will start exiting that hole. Turn off the radiator valve and replace the vent. It should be straight up and hand tight. You should not need or use a wrench.

Frosted windows:
For those rare winter mornings when there is frost on the car, wipe the windows the night before with a solution of one part water to three parts white distilled vinegar. They won’t frost over.

Mix olive oil and vinegar in a one-to-one ratio and polish with a soft cloth. Try in an inconspicuous place first.

Cleaning Leather Shoes
Make a solution of one part water to one part white vinegar, and use it sparingly on the shoes. Dip a cloth into the solution, and dab it over the salt-streaked parts of your shoes.�
May have to repeat the cleaning a few times before all the salt is removed. Salt actually can damage leather, so it’s best to clean shoes as quickly as possible. Don’t let the salt stains build up.

Wash fireplaces with a 50/50 ratio of water and vinegar to remove the blackened soot on glass front doors. If the doors have a spring-loaded clip, remove it, then take out the doors.

Lay them flat on newspapers, spray with the vinegar/water solution and soak. Wipe it off with newspaper.

Cleaner for Gold Jewelry (Winner of June 2007 Vinegar Online Use Contest)�
Use one cup apple cider vinegar. Submerge solid gold jewelry item in vinegar for 15 minutes. Remove and dry with cloth.

Remove Lime Stains from Car�
Pour a small amount of white vinegar on a clean cloth. Gently rub the area of lime staining with the cloth until the stain is gone. Test a small are first to ensure no discoloration.

Worn DVDs:
If you have a worn DVD that has begun to stick or suffers from the occasional freeze-frame, wipe it down with white distilled vinegar applied to a soft cloth. Ensure the DVD is completely dry before re-inserting in the DVD player. (Note: This only works on DVDs that are scratched of dirty through normal wear.)

Laundry Hints

Wine stains: �
Spots caused by wine can be removed from 100 percent cotton, cotton polyester and permanent press fabrics if done so within 24 hours. To do it, sponge white distilled vinegar directly onto the stain and rub away the spots. Then clean according to the directions on the manufacturer’s care tag.

Freshen baby clothes: �
The addition of 1 cup of white distilled vinegar to each load of baby clothes during the rinse cycle will naturally break down uric acid and soapy residue leaving the clothes soft and fresh.

Clothes washing magic: �
Clothes will rinse better if 1 cup of white distilled vinegar is added to the last rinse water. The acid in vinegar is too mild to harm fabrics, but strong enough to dissolve the alkalies in soaps and detergents.

Blanket renewal: �
Cotton and wool blankets become soft, fluffy and free of soap odor if 2 cups of white distilled vinegar are added to the rinse cycle of the wash.

Deodorant stains: �
Deodorant and antiperspirant stains may be removed from clothing by lightly rubbing with white distilled vinegar and laundering as usual.

Hole removal: �
After a hem or seam is removed, there are often unsightly holes left in the fabric. These holes can be removed by placing a cloth, moistened with white distilled vinegar, under the fabric and ironing.

Keeping colors fast:�
To hold colors in fabrics, which tend to run, soak them for a few minutes in white distilled vinegar before washing.

Leather cleaning: �
Leather articles can be cleaned with a mixture of white distilled vinegar and linseed oil. Rub the mixture into the leather and then polish with a soft cloth.

Scorch marks: �
Lightly rub white distilled vinegar on fabric that has been slightly scorched. Wipe with a clean cloth.

Setting colors:�
When you are color dyeing, add about a cupful of white distilled vinegar to the last rinse water to help set the color.

Shower curtains:
Add 1 cup of white distilled vinegar to the rinse water when you launder your shower curtain. Do not spin dry or wash out. Just hang immediately to dry.

Unclog steam iron:�
Pour equal amounts of white distilled vinegar and water into the iron’s water chamber. Turn to steam and leave the iron on for 5 minutes in an upright position. Then unplug and allow to cool. Any loose particles should come out when you empty the water.

Clean a scorched iron plate: �
Heat equal parts white distilled vinegar and salt in a small pan. Rub solution on the cooled iron surface to remove dark or burned stains.

Cleaning Vintage Lace�
Soak the lace in cold water, rinsing it several times. Next, hand-wash the lace gently with a wool detergent, such as Woolite. If rust spots are a problem, try removing them with a mixture of white vinegar and hot water.

Food Preparation

Getting the last drops:�
When you can’t get the last bit of mayonnaise or salad dressing out of the jar, try dribbling a little of your favorite vinegar into it, put the cap on tightly and shake well. You’ll be amazed at how much you’ve been wasting.

Cooking fish:�
Try soaking fish in vinegar and water before cooking it. It will be sweeter, more tender and hold its shape better. When boiling or poaching fish, a tablespoon of vinegar added to the water will keep it from crumbling so easily.

Cake icing:�
Cake icing can be prevented from becoming sugary if a little vinegar is added to the ingredients before cooking. The same is true when making homemade candy.

Boiling eggs:�
When boiling an egg and it’s cracked, a little vinegar in the water will keep the white from running out.

Keeping potatoes white:�
A teaspoon of white distilled or cider vinegar added to the water in which you boil potatoes will keep them nice and white. You can keep peeled potatoes from turning dark by covering them with water and adding 2 teaspoons of vinegar.

Freshen vegetables:�
Freshen up slightly wilted vegetables by soaking them in cold water and vinegar.

Fruit and vegetable wash:
Add 2 tablespoons white distilled vinegar to 1 pint water and use to wash fresh fruits and vegetables, then rinse thoroughly. Research has shown that vinegar helps kill bacteria on fruits and vegetables.

Frying doughnuts:
Before frying doughnuts, add � teaspoon of vinegar to hot oil to prevent doughnuts soaking up extra grease. Use caution when adding the vinegar to the hot oil.

Flavor booster:�
Perk up a can of soup, gravy or sauce with a teaspoon of your favorite specialty vinegar. It adds flavor and taster fresher.

Meat tenderizer:�
As a tenderizer for tough meat or game, make a marinade in the proportion of half a cup of your favorite vinegar to a cup of heated liquid, such as bouillon; or for steak, you may prefer to a mix of vinegar and oil, rubbed in well and allowed to stand for two hours.

Fruit stains: �
Remove fruit or berry stains from your hands by cleaning them with vinegar.

Fresh lunch box: �
It is easy to take out the heavy stale smell often found in lunch boxes. Dampen a piece of fresh bread with white distilled vinegar and leave it in the lunch box overnight.

Get rid of cooking smells: �
Let simmer a small pot of vinegar and water solution.

Fluffy Egg Whites
Soak a paper towel with 1-2 Tablespoons of white distilled vinegar. Wipe mixing bowl and beaters or whisk with the vinegar-soaked paper towel, then dry with a cloth or paper towel prior to whipping egg whites.

Fluffier Rice�
For fluffier and great tasting rice, add a teaspoon of white distilled vinegar to the boiling water before adding rice. Rice will be easier to spoon and less sticky.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Machine for Sleep Apnea: �
To clean the calcium deposit of the humidifier reservoir, heat 450 ml (1 � cups) of vinegar in the microwave for 2 minutes. Pour vinegar into reservoir and replace cap. Let sit for 1 hour. Remove vinegar. Reservoir should be clean and calcium free. Contact manufacturer before cleaning with this method or review manufacturer’s directions.

Soothe a bee or jellyfish sting: �
Douse with vinegar. It will soothe irritation and relieve itching.

Relieve sunburn: �
Lightly rub white distilled or cider vinegar on skin. Reapply as needed.

Relieve dry and itchy skin:�
Add 2 tablespoons of vinegar to your bath water.

Fight dandruff: �
After shampooing, rinse with a solution of � cup vinegar and 2 cups of warm water.

Soothe a sore throat: �
Put a teaspoon of vinegar in a glass of water. Gargle, then swallow. For another great gargle: 1 cup hot water, 2 tablespoons honey, 1 teaspoon vinegar, gargle then drink.

Treat sinus infections and chest colds: �
Add 1/4 cup or more vinegar to the vaporizer. (Be sure to check vaporizer instructions for additional water measurement.)

Skin burns: �
Apply ice-cold vinegar right away for fast relief. Will prevent burn blisters.

Chest congestion: �
To clear up respiratory congestion, inhale a vapor mist from steaming pot containing water and several spoonfuls of vinegar.

Toenail fungus: �
Soak toes in a solution of vinegar and water, using 1 part vinegar to 2 parts water, 15 minutes per day.

Arthritis Relief�
Mix a teaspoon of half apple cider vinegar, half honey in a glass of water with a teaspoon of orange flavored Knox gelatin.

Lessen Morning Sickness�
Drink some apple cider vinegar in water, with honey added. This concoction can help calm a queasy stomach.

Stop Itching�
Apply a paste made from vinegar and cornstarch. Keep on until itch disappears.

Cleaning Heavily Soiled Hands�
Moisten cornmeal with apple cider vinegar. Scrub hands, rinse in cold water and pat dry.

Soft Feet�
Combine 1 cup white distilled vinegar to 2 gallons warm water. Soak feet for 45 minutes then use a pumice stone or file to remove dead skin from heels and callused areas of feet.

Wart Remover�
Mix lukewarm/warm water with a cup of white distilled vinegar. Immerse area with wart and soak 20 minutes everyday until wart disappears.

Bug Spray�
Combine equal amounts of water, white distilled vinegar and liquid dish soap in a spray bottle. Use on skin, as needed. �

Baking soda

Baking soda is a chemical compound that appears as a fine powder. It releases bubbles of carbon dioxide when it interacts with an acid and a liquid. It’s most commonly used in baking, where it acts as a leavening agent. The following are 75 other uses for baking soda aside from making muffins soft and fluffy.

Health Uses

# Use it as an antacid.

# Use it as underarm deodorant by applying it with a powder puff.

# Mix half a teaspoon with peroxide paste and use it as toothpaste.

# Use it as a face and body scrub.

# Add a cup to bathwater to soften your skin.

# Relieve skin itch from insect bites and pain from sunburn.

# Remove strong odors from your hands by rubbing them with baking soda and water.

# Put two tablespoons in your baby’s bathwater to help relieve diaper rash.

# Apply it on rashes, insect bites, and poison ivy irritations.

# Take a baking soda bath to relieve skin irritations.

# Heartburn? Take a teaspoon of baking soda mixed with one-half glass of water.

# Freshen your mouth by gargling half a teaspoon of baking soda mixed water.

# Relieve canker sore pain by using it as mouthwash.

# Use it to relieve bee stings.

# Use it to relieve windburns.

# Apply it on jellyfish sting to draw out the venom.

# Unblock stuffy nose by adding a teaspoon of baking soda to your vaporizer.

In the Home

# Keep cut flowers fresh longer by adding a teaspoon to the water in the vase.

# Put out small fires on rugs, upholstery, clothing, and wood.

# Put an open container of baking soda in the fridge to absorb the odors.

# Sprinkle it on your ashtrays to reduce bad odor and prevent smoldering.

# Sprinkle it on your slippers, boots, shoes, and socks to eliminate foul odor.

# Turn baking soda into modeling clay by combining it with one and 1/4 cups of water and one cup of cornstarch.

# After feeding your baby, wipe his shirt with a moist cloth sprinkled with baking soda to remove the odor.

# Wipe your windshield with it to repel rain.

# Improve the smell of dishrags by soaking them in baking soda and water.

# Suck it in with your vacuum cleaner to remove the odor.

# Freshen the air by mixing baking soda with your favorite perfumed bath salts. Put the mixture in small sachet bags.

# Restore stiff brushes by boiling them in a solution of 1/2 gallon of water, 1/4 cup of vinegar, and a cup of baking soda.

# Put it under sinks and along basement windows to repel cockroaches and ants.

# Scatter baking soda around flowerbeds to prevent rabbits from eating your veggies.

# Sweeten your tomatoes by sprinkling baking soda on the soil around your tomato plants.

# Sprinkle it onto your cat’s litter box to absorb the bad odor.

# Sprinkle it on your pet’s comb or brush to deodorize their fur and skin.

In Cooking

# Use it as a substitute for baking powder by mixing with it with cream of tartar or vinegar.

# Wash fruits and vegetables with it.

# When boiling a chicken, add a teaspoon of baking soda to the water. Feathers will come off easier, and the flesh will be clean and white.

# Soak dried beans to a baking soda solution to make them more digestible.

# Remove the distinctive taste of wild game by soaking it in a baking soda solution.

# Make a sports drink by mixing it with boiled water, salt, and Kool-Aid.

# Remove the fishy smell from your fillets by soaking the raw fish in a baking soda solution for an hour inside the fridge.

# Make fluffier omelets by adding half a teaspoon of baking soda for every three eggs used.

# Reduce the acid content of your tomato-based recipes by sprinkling them with a pinch of baking soda.

Cleaning Purposes

# Add a cup to the toilet, leave it for an hour, and then flush. It will clean the toilet and absorb the odor.

# Use it to scrub sinks, showers, plastic and porcelain tubs

# Spray it on walls, mirrors, and countertops.

# Add a spoonful to your dishwasher to make scrubbing dishes easier.

# Remove grease from pots and pans.

# Dry clean carpets and upholstered furniture by sprinkling baking soda over the fabric and gently brushing it. Leave it for an hour or overnight, then vacuum.

# Boost your laundry detergent’s cleaning power by sprinkling a handful on dirty clothes.

# Combine it with water to make a paste for polishing stainless steel and chrome.

# Remove scratches and crayon marks from vinyl floors and walls.

# Clean your shoes with it.

# Clean garbage cans with it.

# Use it to wash diapers.

# Clean the fridge with it.

# Soak brushes and combs in a baking soda solution.

# Mix it with water to wash food and drink containers.

# Put three tablespoons of baking soda to a quart of warm water, then use the mixture to wash marble-topped furniture.

# Absorb it with a damp sponge, then clean Formica countertops with the sponge.

# Use it to get rid of stale odors from cooling containers and thermos bottles.

# Run your coffee maker with a baking soda solution, then rinse.

# Combine with hot water to clean baby bottles.

# Sprinkle it on barbecue grills, then rinse it off.

# Scatter it on your greasy garage floor, scrub the floor, and rinse.

# Remove burned-on food from a pan by soaking it in a baking soda solution for 10 minutes before washing.

# Clean your ashtrays with a baking soda solution.

# Keep your drains clean by putting four tablespoons of baking soda in them each week. Flush it down with hot water.

# Clean your shower curtains by soaking them in baking soda and water.

# Put it on a small brush to rub canvas handbags clean.

# Use it to remove melted plastic bread wrapper from a toaster. Sprinkle baking soda on a damp rug, then use the rug to clean the toaster.

# Use it to clean your retainers and dentures.

# Make a thick paste of baking soda and water, and used it to scrub enameled cast iron and stainless steel.

# Mix four tablespoons of baking soda with a quart of warm water, and use it to clean the inside part of an oven.

# Use it to unclog gas stoves.

The most amazing thing about baking soda is that it’s very cheap. You can do all these things for a very small cost. Baking soda is truly a miracle product, whether it’s used for baking or not.


# Use it to de-ice a slippery path way!

# Use it to kill slugs!

# If someone spills their drink, e.g. red wine, on your carpet – pour on salt, let it absorb the liquid and hoover it up!

# Use it to kill snails!

# Test your eggs for freshness – in a bowl of salt water good ones sink, bad ones float!

# Soak stained hankies in salt water before washing!

# Sprinkle salt on your shelves to keep ants away!

# Mix salt and turpentine to whiten your bath, sink and toilet bowl!

# Use salt to clean a discoloured coffee or tea pot!

# Clean brass, copper and pewter with a paste made from vinegar, flour and salt!

# Add a little salt to water for cut flowers to make them last longer!

# Clean your iron by adding some salt to a damp cloth and wiping!

# Clean your piano keys with a mixture of lemon juice and salt!

# Use equal parts of salt and starch to make a putty for filling holes in walls!

# Rinse a sore eye with a little salt water!

# Gargle with salt water when you have a sore throat!

# Swill round your mouth with salt water when you have a mouth ulcer!

# Use salt for killing weeds in your back lawn!

# Freshen a sponge by soaking it in salt water!

# Soak enamel pans overnight in salt water, and boil salt water in them to remove burned on stains!

# Fabric colours hold fast in a salty water wash!

# Sprinkle salt in your oven before scrubbing clean!

# Remove mildew with lemon juice and salt!

# If there are too many suds in your dishwater, add a little salt to reduce them!

# For a clean chopping board, wet it, add a little salt and scrub!

# If you spill some cooking fat on a worktop or hob, sprinkle a little salt on it to make it easier to clean!

# Dilute a cup of salt to a gallon of water and soak shirts in it to remove perspiration stains!

# Place salt in a paper bag and with your dusty artificial flowers, shake for a moment. The salt absorbs the dust!

# Sprinkle salt on your carpet to kill fleas!

If you drop an egg, sprinkle salt on it, leave for 20 minutes, and it will be easy to wipe up!

# Mix three pounds of salt with a gallon of soapy water and spray onto the leaves of poison ivy to kill it!

# Kill grass growing in the cracks in patios by adding salt and then pouring in boiling water!

# Dip a sponge into salt water and rub it on windows, and they won’t frost up!

# Put salt in a little bag made of cheesecloth, moisten it slightly and rub it on your car windscreen to stop it icing up!

# Combat smelly drains by pouring really hot, salty water down them!

# If sooty footprints are left on your carpet, cover them with salt, leave for several hours and then hoover them up!

# If there is a water stain on your dining room table, put cooking oil and salt on a rag and rub it away!

# When you have new work clothes that are uncomfortable and stiff, put them in the washing machine with half a cup of salt and they’ll come out feeling good!

# Get a piercing and keep it clean using salty water!

# Clean discoloured glassware by soaking it in a solution of one part salt to eight parts of white vinegar!

# Salt can also help nylon tights last longer. Mix together two cups of salt and a gallon of warm water. Let the nylons soak for a few hours. Then rinse them several times in cold water.

# Dip the rim of a glass in some water and then into some salt to give a “frosted” effect for cocktails – remember to drink the cocktail through a straw!

# Use salt for killing weeds in your front lawn!

# Add salt to your final rinse to stop clothes freezing on the washing line!

# Rub any wicker furniture you may have with salt water to prevent yellowing!

# Salt and soda will sweeten the odor of your refrigerator!

# Some people suggest putting a little salt into your goldfish tank to keep the fish healthy!

# Remove onion or fish smells by rubbing salt onto your hands for a minute, and then washing with soap and water!

# To remove bloodstains from material, sprinkle with salt and rinse with cold water!

# If a pet urinates on your carpet add lots of salt to the damp patch, leave overnight, sweep up the excess and then hoover!

# Apply lemon juice and salt to a rust stain on clothing, hang out in the sun to dry!

# Dip a slice of lime into salt and rub onto a mosquito bite to relieve itching!

# Use salt as an ingredient in home made whitewash

# It stings, but grind salt, dip your finger into it, and apply to a cold sore for 30 seconds. Do this 3 times a day and the cold sore should dry up in a few days!

# If you have added too much washing powder to your wash, add salt to limit the suds!

# Mix a cup of salt water with 2 tablespoons of baking soda and one teaspoon of flour, dip in a rag and use for cleaning your leather upholstery!

# Clean silver jewellery by heating salt water in an old aluminium pan – the silver tarnish will be removed from the jewellery and will stain the pan instead!

# To strengthen and polish nails, mix 2 teaspoons of salt with 2 of castor oil and 1 of wheat-germ oil, rub onto finger nails and leave for 3-5 mins before wiping with a tissue!

# Rubbing salt over calluses on your hands will make them go away!

# Make removing a crease mark easier when ironing by rubbing it with salt on a damp cloth before pressing!

# Rub stubborn warts with raw onion dipped in salt to make them go away!

# Exfoliate your skin by mixing salt with olive oil, leaving on your face for 15-20 mins, and then rubbing off!

# Make an all purpose cleaning solution by mixing 1 cup of water, 2 cups of vinegar, and half a cup of salt!

# Try putting a bowl of salt next to your chopping board when slicing onions to stop crying eyes!

# Keep a bag of salt in your car in case you get stuck in icy weather!

# Clean your cutlery using a little salt with a damp cloth!

# Salt and soda water mixed together is good for cleaning the inside of your fridge!

# New brooms will last longer if soaked in salt water and dried before use!

# Mix 1 teaspoon of salt in a pint of hot water and apply pads soaked in the solution to puffy eyes!

# Soak aching feet in warm water to which a handful of salt has been added, then rinse in cool water!

# Relieve bee stings by immediately wetting the spot and covering with salt!

# Use salt to put out flaming fat!

# Soak new candles in a strong salt solution for a few hours, then dry them well. When burned they will not drip!

# Occasionally throw a handful of salt on the flames in your fireplace; it will help loosen soot from the chimney and salt makes a bright yellow flame!

# Rub the inside of fish tanks with salt to remove hard water deposits, then rinse well before returning the fish to the tank! #84 To remove deposits caused by flowers and water, rub with salt; if you cannot reach the deposits to rub them, put a strong salt solution in the vase and shake, then wash the vase with soap and water!

# Artificial flowers can be held in an artistic arrangement by pouring salt into the container, adding a little cold water and then arranging the flowers. The salt will solidify as it dries and hold the flowers in place!

# Sprinkling a little salt in canvas shoes occasionally will take up the moisture and help remove odours!

# Colour salt with chalk dust and place layers of different colours in a jar until it is full to make your very own work of art!

# Make salt glitter by adding food colouring to salt and allowing to dry!

# Use vinegar and salt water to remove stains from shoes and boots!

# Place salt in an open container to help reduce damp!

# Sprinkle salt on a drink mat to stop it sticking to the bottom of your glass!

# Halve an orange, remove the pulp and fill with salt to make a useful air-freshner!

# To clean crystal soak in water, vinegar and a little salt!

# Clean burnt pans by heating vinegar, water and salt on a high heat!

# Fill a vase with slightly moist salt. Flowers such as aconitums can be dried by plunging their stems into the salt!

# Make a timer full of salt instead of sand!

# Apply salt to a cut to draw out infection and promote healing (better still – take medical advice)!

# Add a pinch of salt to water when boiling eggs to prevent cracking!

# Instead of anti-dandruff shampoo, massage your scalp with a tablespoon of salt before using normal shampoo!

# Recreate the infamous “Shake n Vac” commercial in your own home – but use salt to keep the budget down!

# Fill a sugar bowl with salt and put it out for visiting guests as a hilarious practical joke!

olive oil

# Replacement for butter, put it in the fridge and it develops the same consistency.�
# Shaving Cream.�
# Beauty Cream and moisturizer.�
# Makeup Remover.�
# A Bread Dip.�
# Foot softener.�
# Use 2 parts olive oil, 1 part lemon juice (or white vinegar) for furniture polish, or just olive oil on a rag.�
# Use it for your hair. Not only does it condition, but it also gets rid of the frizz. I put a small drop into my palm & then rub both hands together & then apply it to dry hair. (not wet hair).�
# A hair tonic.�
# A pre manicure solution when mixed with water.�
# Melted with some beeswax and poured into a small tin, it makes great lip balm, leather conditioner and wood polish.�
# A couple teaspoons mixed with a can of cat food will help hairballs.�
# Use it to remove paint from your skin. Rub it on and let it soak a while then wash well with soap. The paint usually comes off without any skin damaging materials. And your skin will be all soft.�
# When I pour it out there is always a drip-so I wipe it up with my hand and rub it in, my elbows are alot better now for it.�
# I keep a squeeze bottle of EV olive oil in the medicine cabinet and use it daily instead of moisturizer.�
# I use it for the static in the winter. I rub almost into my hands then run my fingers through my hair, follow with a brush or two from my natural brush.�
# I have used it in the past for lice control, when it seems the pesticides aren’t really working anyway.�
# Mix it with butter and garlic for your garlic bread, very nice change.�
# Rub it on my turkey instead of butter.�
# Mix 50/50 with saved fat for homemade soap. I have used 100% EV olive oil in soap making, but it takes longer to cure.�
# Mix with wine vinegar, crushed garlic, and fresh grated Parmesean cheese for salad dressing.�
# I mix olive oil half and half with lemon juice to make a wood cleaner/polish. Nourishes your furniture while it cleans.�
# A sip of olive oil before you go to sleep stops snoring. It makes the throat slippery. Your spouse can sleep.�
# A sip of olive oil will stop a tickle that is making you cough.�
# I cut off the top of a whole head of garlic, sprinkle it with salt and pepper and drizzle olive oil over the top. I wrap it up in foil and roast in the oven until the garlic gets soft. Great stuff spread over home made bread.�
# Use it as bath oil. Two to three tablespoons will do the trick.�
# For a hand scrub, rub in olive oil then scrub with sugar and wash.�
# For a facial, wet face thoroughly, then massage olive oil into your skin. Use about a half teaspoon of sugar and scrub your face with that, then wipe off gently with a warm, wet cloth until the sugar is all gone.�
# Mix 3 parts Olive Oil with 1 part white vinegar for wood floor polish.Apply and rub in well.�
# To keep brass looking shinier longer, buff with olive oil after cleaning. Olive oil keeps it from tarnishing so fast.�
# Use olive oil to treat lice on children – better than the expensive treatments from the store and conditions the scale. Apply on hair, being sure to get into scales. I leave this on for at least 30 minutes, but it could be all day if you don’t have any plans – then shampoo out. It might take 2 shampoos to get the oil out of hair. Use once a week as a conditioner and preventative. Olive oil smothers the lice. Once I started doing this on granddaughters hair the school never called us when others were sent home with lice.�
# Olive oil works as a lubricant on the feet (for reflexology) and does not disappear the way lotions do.�
# You can buy a pump bottle for oil at most discount or kitchen supply stores. Fill with plain or flavored olive oil to use as a spray. This can replace the spray cans of oil that many people buy. Spray your pans before cooking. It also is a great way to get a small amount of fat/oil on foods for those of us who are watching our weight–spray on salad or bread or whatever.�
# To condition scalp on bald heads: rub with olive oil and then lay on a hot (not burning!), moist towel. When the towel cools, reheat in the microwave. Be careful not to get too hot. Continue doing this several times.�
# I like to toast French bread and then lightly spray it with an excellent olive oil instead of buttering it. It is very good.�
# Once a week I treat myself to this most fabulous beauty treatment. I give my hair and scalp a massage with olive oil. Using a regular comb, comb it through my hair. This gives it unbeatable shine and it’s never looked healthier. Leave it on for an hour or two. Wash hair as normal to remove oil and wrap hair in towel to dry. Then I run a hot bath. While the water’s running I stand in the tub and scrub my face, body, and feet with a paste made of olive oil and salt- regular table salt. (This makes your skin extra soft, leaves it glowing, and has cleared up my acne.) Then I soak in the tub for 15 minutes.�
The first time I did this everyone noticed “something different” about me but couldn’t figure it out. I even got stopped on the street by another woman who asked me how I got such beautiful skin. So there… I’ve told my secret!�
# I use olive oil (extra virgin) in baking where vegetable oil is called for, it makes cakes, etc. much more moist and flavorful….I have had people ask me for the special recipe.�
# When I was home last summer (U.S.) and stocking up on my known remedies I asked the pharmacist where I could find the old fashioned ‘sweet oil’ that they put in ears for wax and ear aches. He said it was really olive oil that was used! Needless to say I did not bother to search the shelves any longer, as I have it in my cupboard.

# replacement fuel for oil lamps

Emergency Water Purification

In an emergency, to purify drinking water, two methods are most often used. They are boiling the water and adding chlorine (household bleach, such as Chlorox) to it. Most emergency experts and health officials suggest a mixture of 8 drops of bleach to a gallon of generally clear water for best results. Based on environment or cloudiness of the water, you may want to change the quantity of drops to 16 per gallon of cloudy or murky water. Enter the maximum possible volume of water container. The entry should be in gallons. Enter the desired drops of the bleach per gallon and select the appropriate water condition. Please remember that this is a guideline. �

As suggested by the EPA, vigorous boiling for at least one minute (preferably more) will kill any disease causing microorganisms present in water (at altitudes above 5000 feet above sea level, boil for three to five minutes longer). The flat taste of boiled water can be improved by pouring it back and forth from one container to another (called aeration), by allowing it to stand in a closed container for a few hours, or by adding a small pinch of salt for each quart of water boiled. When boiling is not practical, chemical disinfection should be used. Common household bleach contains a chlorine compound that will disinfect water. The treated water should be mixed thoroughly and allowed to stand, preferably covered, for 30 minutes. The water should have a slight chlorine odor; if not, repeat the dosage and allow the water to stand for an additional 15 minutes. If the treated water has too strong a chlorine taste, it can be made more pleasing by allowing the water to stand exposed to the air for a few hours or by pouring it from one clean container to another several times. �

As suggested by Chlorox (with their permission), this is an excerpt from company published documents.�

Boiling Is Best
Short of using a very high-quality water filter, this is the most reliable method for killing microbes and parasites. Bring water to a rolling boil and keep it simmering for at least several minutes. Add one minute of boiling to the initial 10 minutes for every 1,000 feet above sea level. Cover the pot to shorten boiling time and conserve fuel.�

Liquid Clorox Bleach
In an emergency, think of this (one gallon of Regular Clorox Bleach) as 3,800 gallons of drinking water.�

When the tap water stops flowing, Regular Clorox Bleach isn’t just a laundry-aid, it’s a lifesaver. Use it to purify water, and you’ll have something to drink.�

It’s the same in any natural disaster. As the shock wears off and the days wear on, the biggest demand is for drinking water. Time after time, relief crews hand out free Clorox Bleach with simple instructions: use it to kill bacteria in your water and you’ll have purified water to drink. Here are the general guidelines.�

First let water stand until particles settle. Filter the particles if necessary with layers of cloth, coffee filters, or fine paper towels. Pour the clear water into an uncontaminated container and add Regular Clorox Bleach per the below indicated ratio. Mix well. Wait 30 min. Water should have a slight bleach odor. If not, repeat dose. Wait 15 min. Sniff again. Keep an eyedropper taped to your emergency bottle of Clorox Bleach, since purifying small amounts of water requires only a few drops. Bleach must be fresh for best use and results. See below suggestions for storage bottle replacement.�

Don’t pour purified water into contaminated containers. Sanitize water jugs first.�

Without water and electricity, even everyday tasks are tough. In lieu of steaming hot water, sanitize dishes, pots and utensils with a little Clorox Bleach. Just follow the directions below to keep dishes clean.�

Whether you use Clorox Bleach in an emergency or for everyday chores, it’s always an environmentally sound choice. After its work is done, Clorox Bleach breaks down to little more than salt and water, which is acceptable anytime.�

Ratio of Clorox Bleach to Water for Purification

2 drops of Regular Clorox Bleach per quart of water�
8 drops of Regular Clorox Bleach per gallon of water�
1/2 teaspoon Regular Clorox Bleach per five gallons of water�
If water is cloudy, double the recommended dosages of Clorox Bleach.�

Only use Regular Clorox Bleach (not Fresh Scent or Lemon Fresh). To insure that Clorox Bleach is at its full strength, rotate or replace your storage bottle minimally every three months.�

Clorox Bleach Sanitizing Solution

To sanitize containers and utensils, mix 1 tablespoon Regular Clorox Bleach with one gallon of water. Always wash and rinse items first, then let each item soak in Clorox Bleach Sanitizing Solution for 2 minutes. Drain and air dry.